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Unit 10. Conservation

Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Người gửi: Phạm Văn Phương (trang riêng)
Ngày gửi: 21h:25' 30-12-2014
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CE111a CE 111
Date : ngày tháng
Time : giờ phút ~ giờ phút
Name: _____________________

UNIT 10: CONSERVATION

A. Pronunciation

Choose the word that has the underlined part differently from the others
1. a. instead b. weather c. head d. seat
2. a. nose b. dose c. house d. case
3. a. main b. saint c. said d. gain
4. a. whose b. rose c. close d. nose
5. a. bad b. sad c. glad d. same
6. a. height b. hour c. heat d. head
7. a. timber b. wildlife c. kind d. writer
8. a. over b. discover c. above d. cover
9. a. busy b. duty c. beauty d. huge
10. a. discussion b. revision
c. attention d. admission
CE111b
B. The passive voice
( Forming the passive voice
(Cách thành lập dạng bị động)
Active: S + VA + O

Passive: S’ + VP + by O’
* VP = to be + past participle (PP)

Active: Mary helps the boy.
(S) (VA) (O)
Passive: The boy is helped by Mary.
(S’) (VP ) (by O’)
- “by + O’” đứng trước trạng từ chỉ thời gian và sau trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn.
_ Mary cooks a special meal in the kitchen every week.
( A special meal is cooked in the kichen by Mary
nơi chốn by O’
every week.
thời gian
- Các dạng chủ từ I, you, he, she, it, we, they, people, someone, somebody,… thường được lược bỏ khi chuyển sang câu bị động.

  CE112a CE 112

Passive voice of the present simple tense
(Câu bị động của thì hiện tại đơn)
Active: S V(s, es) O

Passive: S’+ am / is / are + PP + (by O’)
_ Someone cleans the room every day.
( The room is cleaned every day.


Change the sentences into the passive voice
_ Mike usually delivers greeting cards on holidays.
( Greeting cards are usually delivered on holidays by Mike.
1. The American hold presidential elections every four years.
(
2. My teacher explains all the students’ questions.
(
3. Careless drivers cause many accidents.
(
4. Mary makes a new dress for her daughter.
(
5. Peter’s father buys a laptop.
(
CE112b

Passive voice of the past simple tense
(Câu bị động của thì quá khứ đơn)
Active: S V2 O

Passive: S’ + were / was PP + (by O’)
_ Somebody cleaned the room yesterday.
( The room was cleaned yesterday.

Change the sentences into the passive voice
_ Tom invited me to dinner.
( I was invited to dinner by Tom.
1. We met John and Mary yesterday.
(
2. He locked the box carefully.
(
3. A car hit Peter last night.
(
4. You didn’t tell me about the meeting.
(
5. These boys made that noise.
(
6. She doesn’t practice English everyday.
(
 CE113a CE 113

Change the sentences into the passive voice
_ A storm damaged the roof of the building a few days ago.
( The roof of the building was damaged by a storm a few days ago.
1. Mary left the handbag at home.
(
2. They talk about Lan everyday.
(
3. Someone cleans the room everyday.
(
4. The dog bit Peter when he was going to my house.
(
5. Someone told her the truth about this event.
(
6. We gave him back the money last Sunday.
(
7. My parents promised me a bicycle two days ago.
(
 
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