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Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Conjunctions

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Người gửi: Bùi Thiện Đạo (trang riêng)
Ngày gửi: 17h:27' 03-08-2008
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Liên từ (conjunctions)
LIÊN TỪ
(Conjunctions)
 
1. Định nghĩa: Liên từ là từ dùng để nối các từ loại, cụm từ hay mệnh đề.
 
2. Phân loại: Liên từ được chia làm hai loại chính:
            a. Đẳng lập (song song):
            Dùng loại liên từ này để nối những các từ loại hoặc cụm từ/ nhóm từ cùng một loại, hoặc những mệnh đề ngang hàng nhau (tính từ với tính từ, danh từ với danh từ ...):
Ví dụ:
He and I are students.
She is beautiful and kind.
They are learning to read and write.
 
            b. Liên từ phụ thuộc:
            Loại liên từ phụ thuộc nối kết các nhóm từ, cụm từ hoặc mệnh đề có chức năng khác nhau - mệnh đề phụ với mệnh đề chính trong câu.
 
3. Những liên từ Đẳng lập (song song):
            Những liên từ Đẳng lập gồm:
AND               
            Ví dụ:               She is a good and loyal wife.
                                    I have many books and notebooks.      
                       
BOTH ... AND
            Ví dụ:               She is both good and loyal.
                                    They learn both English and French.
 
AS WELL AS 
            Ví dụ:               He has experience as well as knownledge.
           
NO LESS THAN       
            Ví dụ:               You no less than he are very rich.
           
NOT ONLY ... BUT (ALSO)
            Ví dụ:               He learns not only English but but (also) Chinese.
                                    I like playing not only tennis but (also)  football.
OR
            Ví dụ:               Hurry up, or you will be late.
           
EITHER...OR
            Ví dụ:               He isn`t either good or kind.
                                    I don`t have either books or notebooks.
 
NEITHER ... NOR
            Ví dụ:               He drinks neither wine nor beer.
                                    She has neither husband nor children.
 
BUT
            Ví dụ:               He is intelligent but very lazy.
                                    She is ugly but hard-working. 
 
THEN
            Ví dụ:               You have eaten nothing; then you must be very hungry.
                                    The plant looks very faded; then it hasn`t been watered for long.
 
CONSEQUENTLY
            Ví dụ:   You didn`t work hard for this term; consequently, he failed the exam.
           
HOWEVER
            Ví dụ:   He is a very lazy student; however, he can pass all the exams easily.
                        It was raining very hard; however, we went out without umbrellar.  
 
NEVERTHELESS
            Ví dụ:               She studies very hard; nevertheless, she always gets bad marks.
           
STILL, YET
            Ví dụ:               I speak to you peaceably; still/yet you will not listen.
                        She says she does not love me, yet, I still love her.
 
OR, ELSE, OTHERWISE
            Ví dụ:               We have to work hard, or/else/otherwise we will fail the exam.
           
ONLY
            Ví dụ:               Go where you like; only do not stay here.
 
THEREFORE
            Ví dụ:               He violated the traffic signs, therefore he was punished.
 
4. Những liên từ phụ thuộc (chính phụ):
            Những liên từ phụ thuộc:
FOR
            Ví dụ:               He will surely succeed, for (because) he works hard.
           
WHEREAS
            Ví dụ:               He learns hard whereas his friends don`t.          
                                    Wise men love truth whereas fools avoid it.
 
WHILE
            Ví dụ:               Don`t sing while you work.
                                    Don`t talk while you eat.
                                   
            BESIDES, MOREOVER
            Ví dụ:               We have to study hard at school; besides, we must pay attention
                                    to physical exercise.
                                    He stole two watches; moreover, he broke the window.
SO
            Ví dụ:               He is a good teacher; so, he is very popular with students.
                                    It rained very hard; so, we didn`t go out that night.
           
HENCE
            Ví dụ:               I had not money about me; hence I did not buy the book.
                                    He came late; hence, he missed the first part of the lesson.
 
- Liên từ nối mệnh đề (như trạng ngữ):        
            a. Thời gian (Time):
           
AFTER
            Ví dụ:               A man shoud take a little rest, after he has worked hard.
                                    The ship was checked carefully after she had been built.
           
AS
            Ví dụ:               He came her, as the clock struck six.
                                    They left as the bell rang..
 
AS SOON AS
            Ví dụ:               I will phone you as soon as I come home.
                                    They will get married as soon as they finish university.
 
BEFORE
            Ví dụ:               Don`t count your chickens before they are hatchd.
                                       He talks as if he were very wise.
.
            Ví dụ:               He has been very weak, since he was taken sick.
 
AS LONG AS
            Ví dụ:               No one can harm us, as long as we remain friends.
                        I will lend you some money as long as you promise to pay me back.
 
UNTIL
            Ví dụ:               People do not know the value of health until they lose it.
 
WHEN
            Ví dụ:   When you visit this country, you should bring thick winter clothes.
           
WHILE
            Ví dụ:               Make hay while the sun shines.
                                    Step while you dance.
           
            b. Nơi chốn (Places):
            WHERE
            Ví dụ:               The bed room is the best place where I do my homework.
           
           
WHEREVER
            Ví dụ:               His mother follows him wherever he goes.
                                    I will go wherever to find a suitable job for me.
           
            c. Thể cách (Manner):
            AS
            Ví dụ:               Do as I told you to do.
           
AS IF
            Ví dụ:               He talks as if he knew everything about her.
                                    He dances as if he were a professional dancer.
 
            d. So sánh (Comparisons):
AS
            Ví dụ:               He is as tall as his brither.
                                    This bag is as expensive as that one.
 
THAN
            Ví dụ:               She is more beautiful than her sister.
                                    She looks fatter than his friend.
 
            e. Lí do (Reasons):
AS
            Ví dụ:               As it rained very hard, we stopped they games.
           
BECAUSE
            Ví dụ:               We could not pass the test because we didn`t learn hard.
                                    I didn`t meet her because she had left earlier.
 
SINCE
            Ví dụ:               I must go since she has telephoned three times.
 
           
            f. Mục đích (Purposes):
THAT
            Ví dụ:               I work hard that I may succeed in life.
 
SO THAT
            Ví dụ:               We went very early so that we could catch the last bus.
 
IN ORDER THAT
            Ví dụ:               We learn French in order to study in France.
 
            g. Điều kiện (Conditions) :
            IF       
            Ví dụ:               I will phone him if I have his phone number.
           
UNLESS (IF NOT)
            Ví dụ:               You will be late unless you set off now.
                                    Unless you work hard, you will not pass the eams.
           
PROVIDED THAT
            Ví dụ:               I will pardon him provided that he acknowledge his fault.
                                    You can enter the room provided that you have the ticket..
           
IN CASE
            Ví dụ:               You should take an umbrella in case it rains.
                                    Please take a map with you in case (that) you may get lost.
 
            h. Sự tương phản, trái ngược:
            ALTHOUGH, THOUGH, EVEN THOUGH
            Ví dụ:   Though/even though /although it rained hard, I went out with her.    
           
AS
            Ví dụ:               Rich as he is, his isn`t ever happy.
           
EVEN IF
            Ví dụ:               Even if my watch is right, we will be too late.
           
NOT WITH STANDING THAT
            Ví dụ:               He is poor not with standing that he works very hard.
 

 
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