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  • Chào mừng quý vị đến với Thư viện Giáo án điện tử.

    Quý vị chưa đăng nhập hoặc chưa đăng ký làm thành viên, vì vậy chưa thể tải được các tư liệu của Thư viện về máy tính của mình.
    Nếu đã đăng ký rồi, quý vị có thể đăng nhập ở ngay ô bên phải.

    Both... and, not only ... but also, either... or, neither ... nor + Bai tap


    (Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
    Nguồn:
    Người gửi: Đào Thanh Bình
    Ngày gửi: 08h:53' 02-08-2008
    Dung lượng: 47.0 KB
    Số lượt tải: 2575
    Số lượt thích: 0 người
    Both ... and, Not only .... but also,
    either ... or, neither ... nor.
    - Các cụm “both ... and ...” (vừa ... vừa), “not only ... but also ...” (không những ... mà còn...), “either ... or ...” (hoặc ... hoặc ...), “neither ... nor” (không ... mà cũng không ...) được dùng để nối hai từ đồng loại (danh từ, tính từ, động từ hoặc các cụm từ ...) với nhau.
    Both ... and:
    a1: Both + noun + and + noun:
    Eg : She plays both tennis and badminton.
    He is both singer and an actor.
    a2: Both + verb + and + verb:
    Eg : He both sings and dances.
    We both cried and laughed.
    a3: Both + adj + and + adj:
    Eg : She is both intelligent and beautiful.
    The film is both boring and long.
    a4: Both + adverbial phrase + and + adverbial phrase:
    Eg : We go to school both in the morning and in the evening.
    They work hard both at home and at work.
    Notes:
    Động từ đi sau both ... and ... được chia ở số nhiều:
    Both Mary and Linda are students.
    Not only .... but also:
    Cách dùng cũng tương tự như Both ... and:
    Eg : There are problems not only with teachers but also with students themselves.
    She not only wrote the text but also selected the illustrations.
    Either ... or:
    c1: Cách dùng của “either ... or ...” cũng tương tự như “both ... and ...” và “not only ... but also...”:
    Eg : I’m going to buy either a camera or a CD player with the money.
    Either he could not come or he did not want to.
    c2: Tuy nhiên, ta lưu ý cách hoà hợp chủ ngữ và động từ:
    Eg : Either you or he is right.
    Either he or I am wrong.
    => Động từ trong “either ... or ...” hoà hợp với chủ ngữ đứng gần động từ nhất:
    Neither ... nor:
    d1: Cách dùng của “neither ... or ...” cũng tương tự như “both ... and ...”, “not only ... but also...” và “either ... or ...”:
    Eg : I am neither rich nor poor.
    He likes neither the city nor the country.
    d2: Tuy nhiên, ta cũng lưu ý cách hoà hợp chủ ngữ và động từ:
    Eg : Neither you nor he is right.
    Neither he nor I am wrong.
    => Động từ trong “neither ... nor ...” cũng hoà hợp với chủ ngữ đứng gần động từ nhất:
    d3: Và khi “neither” đứng một mình động từ được chia ở số ít hoặc số nhiều:
    Eg : Neither answer is correct.
    Neither of them has/ have a car.


    Both ... and … , not only ... but also …
    either ... or … , neither ... nor …
    I. Combine each pair of sentences into one, using the conjunctions in brackets.
    1. Jane owns a shop. She owns a restaurant. (both ....... and)
    ..................................................................................................................
    2. Helen likes cats. Mary likes cats. ( both ........... and)
    ......................................................................................................................
    3. She’s at the office. She’s at the airport. (either ............. or)
    .........................................................................................................................
    4. Paul’s at home. Paul’s at the gym. (either .................... or)
    ....................................................................................................................
    5. Chris didn’t have time to take a holiday. Sheila didn’t have time to take a holiday.(neither .... nor) ......................................................................................................................
    6. David doesn’t play tennis. David doesn’t play table-tennis. (neither ......... nor)
    ...................................................................................................................
    7. Nam’s handsome. Nam’s intelligent. (not only ................ but also )
    .......................................................................................................................
    8. Mai plays the guitar well. Mai dances beautifully. (not only ......... but also)
    .....................................................................................................................
    9. You can have fish for dinner. You can have chicken for dinner. (both ............. and)
    .........................................................................................................................
    10. They came late. They left early. (not only ................. but also)
    ................................................................................................................................
    11. Goats provide milk for cheese. Goats provide wool for clothing. (both ...... and)
    ....................................................................................................................
    12. She’s French. She’s Swiss. (either ............. or)
    .........................................................................................................................
    13. David can’t play tennis. David can’t play football. (neither ............... nor)
    ......................................................................................................................
    14. The black jacket didn’t fit her. The white jacket didn’t fit her. (neither .......... nor)
    .......................................................................................................................
    15. She’s tired. She’s hungry. (Not only ............... but also)
    .........................................................................................................................
    We can see the film tonight. We can see the film tomorrow night. (either ............. or) …..........................................................................................
    It was a very boring film and it was very long too. (both ...... and)
    ......................................................................................................................
    Ali has studied not only in the United States but also in Europe. (both ...... and)
    .......................................................................................................................
    Dan was a newcomer, and so was Jim. (both ...... and)
    ......................................................................................................................
    Mary went to London and Kate did, too. (both ...... and)
    ......................................................................................................................
    Peter was a football player and his brother was, too. (both ...... and)
    ........................................................................................................................
    Dan came from Thailand and Chow came from Thailand. (both ...... and)
    .........................................................................................................................
    Young people normally like only music but also sports. (both ...... and)
    .........................................................................................................................
    She is not only beautiful but also graceful. (both ...... and)
    ........................................................................................................................
    My mother likes tea and my father does, too. (both ...... and)
    ......................................................................................................................
    Yom is my older brother and Peter is, too. (both ...... and)
    .......................................................................................................................
    You are both funny and witty. (not only ................. but also)
    .........................................................................................................................
    She can enjoy a good meal and she can go fishing on the lake. (not only ................. but also)
    ....................................................................................................................
    They ate lamb chops and fish. (not only ................. but also)
    .........................................................................................................................
    The underground is quick and cheap. (not only ................. but also)
    .........................................................................................................................
    Mr. Brown has read a novel by Charles Dickens and he has seen the film made from it. (not only.......... but also)..............................................................
    They like field events and they like team games. (not only ................. but also)
    ........................................................................................................................
    Mary has both toothache and headache. (not only ................. but also)
    .......................................................................................................................
    The pavements are both narrow and crowded. (not only ................. but also)
    ........................................................................................................................
    That boy was dirty and he was lazy, too. (not only ................. but also)
    .........................................................................................................................
    Mrs. Brown’s daughter is both beautiful and clever. (not only ................. but also)............................................................................................................
    III. Rewrite each sentence, beginning as shown, so that the meaning stays the same
    1. He likes playing football and so do I.
    => Both.....................................................................................................................
    2. She didn’t say a word and she didn’t smile.
    => She neither...........................................................................................................
    3. The English team didn’t play well and the Scottish team didn’t play well, either.
    => Neither............................................................................
     
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