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    Người gửi: Nguyễn Thị Thu Hà
    Ngày gửi: 19h:41' 11-03-2017
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    A prefix comes at the beginning of a word. It adds something to the meaning. Here are some common prefixes.
    anti = against
    auto = of / by oneself
    bi = two, twice
    de = away / from
    en = make / cause to become
    ex = previously
    ex = out of
    fore = before/in advance
    hyper = extremely / too
    in = inside / into
    inter = between
    mal= badly / wrongly
    micro = small
    mini = small
    mis = badly / wrongly
    mono = one
    multi = many
    out = more / better
    over = too much
    post = after
    pre = before
    pro = in favour of
    pseudo = false
    re = again
    semi = half
    sub = under / less
    super = big / more
    trans = across
    co = together
    under =too little
    anti-nuclear protestors, anti-aircraft guns
    autograph, auto pilot, autobiography
    bicycle, bilateral, biannual, bilingual
    de-ink, de-ice, de-forest
    enrich, enlarge, encourage, enable, endanger
    ex-wife, ex-director, ex-student, ex-soldier
    extract, exhale, excommunicate
    foretell, forefathers, forecast, foreword, foreknow, foretime
    hyperacid, hypercritical, hypermarket, hypersonic, hyperphysical
    internal, insert, income, inarch, inarm, inboard, inbuilt
    inter-city trains, international, interchange, intercity
    maladapt, maladjusted, maladministration
    microcassete, microwave, microscopic
    minibus, miniskirt, minicomputer, minify
    misuse, misbehave, misgovern, miscount, misunderstanding, misadvice
    monorail, monolingual, monotone, monocycle
    a multinational company, a multi-storey car-park
    outnumber the opposition, outplayed their opponents
    overcrowded, ill from overwork, an overgrown
    a post-dated cheque, the post-war period
    the pre-war years, prehistoric times, preface
    pro-government forces, pro-European policies
    pseudonym, pseudo-intertexture, pseudo-classic, pseudo-graph
    rewrite, redo, remarry, recount, re-employ, re-read
    semi-skilled workers, semi-conscious state, semi-political, semi-solar
    subnormal intelligence, sub-zero temperatures
    superstore, superhuman, supermarket, super-fast, super-bus
    transatlantic, transplant, transcode, transsexual
    co-exist, co-production, co-driver, co-author
    undercooked food, underage, underpaid, undercover
    There are some negative prefixes used to express an opposite.
    a un: unhappy, unfair, unofficial, unemployed, unplug a machine, unpack a suitcase, undo,
    undress, unlock, unveil, unwrap...
    This is the most common way of expressing an opposite.
    b in: inexact, independent, indirect, inexpert, injustice, inedible
    NOTE: We do not use in before l, m, p or r. We use il, im and ir instead.
    - illegal, illogical, illiterate
    - immobile, immoral, impossible, impatient
    - irrelevant, irresponsible
    c dis: dishonest, disunited, disagree, disappear, dislike, disable, disadvantage, disapprove,
    disbelieve, disconnect, disqualify
    d non: non-alcoholic drinks, a non-stop flight, a non-smoker
    e de: defrost a fridge, the depopulation of the countryside, the decentralization of
    government, depopulate
    ( Nouns
    + Abstract nouns
    1. Verb + ment: payment, movement, government, arrangement, development
    2. Verb + ion/tion/ation/ition:
    correct(correction, discuss(discussion, describe(description
    inform(information, invite(invitation, translate (translation
    add(addition, repeat(repetition, compete (competition
    3. Verb with d/t(sion: decide (decision, erode (erossion, permit(permission
    4. Verb + ance/ence: performance, acceptance, existence, preference
    5. Verb + ing: building, feelings, greeting, meeting, meaning, beginning, savings, living
    6. Verb + al: refusal, dismissal, approval, signal, proposal, denial
    7. Verb + age: drainage, marriage, postage, stoppage, breakage
    8. Noun + hood: boyhood, neighbourhood, husbandhood, sisterhood
    9. Noun + ship: friendship, sonship, championship
    10. Noun + dom: kingdom, stardom, wisedom
    11. Noun + ful: mouthful, handful, spoonful, cupful, roomful
    12. Adjective + ty/ity: certainty, royalty, stupidity, nationality, security
    13. Adjective + ness: happiness, illness, freshness, forgetfulness, blindness
    14. Adjective in ent(ence: silent(silence
    Others are:
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