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Người gửi: Nguyễn Thị Thu Hà
Ngày gửi: 19h:41' 11-03-2017
Dung lượng: 60.1 KB
Số lượt tải: 85
Số lượt thích: 0 người
Prefixes
A prefix comes at the beginning of a word. It adds something to the meaning. Here are some common prefixes.
anti = against
auto = of / by oneself
bi = two, twice
de = away / from
en = make / cause to become
ex = previously
ex = out of
fore = before/in advance
hyper = extremely / too
in = inside / into
inter = between
mal= badly / wrongly
micro = small
mini = small
mis = badly / wrongly
mono = one
multi = many
out = more / better
over = too much
post = after
pre = before
pro = in favour of
pseudo = false
re = again
semi = half
sub = under / less
super = big / more
trans = across
co = together
under =too little
anti-nuclear protestors, anti-aircraft guns
autograph, auto pilot, autobiography
bicycle, bilateral, biannual, bilingual
de-ink, de-ice, de-forest
enrich, enlarge, encourage, enable, endanger
ex-wife, ex-director, ex-student, ex-soldier
extract, exhale, excommunicate
foretell, forefathers, forecast, foreword, foreknow, foretime
hyperacid, hypercritical, hypermarket, hypersonic, hyperphysical
internal, insert, income, inarch, inarm, inboard, inbuilt
inter-city trains, international, interchange, intercity
maladapt, maladjusted, maladministration
microcassete, microwave, microscopic
minibus, miniskirt, minicomputer, minify
misuse, misbehave, misgovern, miscount, misunderstanding, misadvice
monorail, monolingual, monotone, monocycle
a multinational company, a multi-storey car-park
outnumber the opposition, outplayed their opponents
overcrowded, ill from overwork, an overgrown
a post-dated cheque, the post-war period
the pre-war years, prehistoric times, preface
pro-government forces, pro-European policies
pseudonym, pseudo-intertexture, pseudo-classic, pseudo-graph
rewrite, redo, remarry, recount, re-employ, re-read
semi-skilled workers, semi-conscious state, semi-political, semi-solar
subnormal intelligence, sub-zero temperatures
superstore, superhuman, supermarket, super-fast, super-bus
transatlantic, transplant, transcode, transsexual
co-exist, co-production, co-driver, co-author
undercooked food, underage, underpaid, undercover


There are some negative prefixes used to express an opposite.
a un: unhappy, unfair, unofficial, unemployed, unplug a machine, unpack a suitcase, undo,
undress, unlock, unveil, unwrap...
This is the most common way of expressing an opposite.
b in: inexact, independent, indirect, inexpert, injustice, inedible
NOTE: We do not use in before l, m, p or r. We use il, im and ir instead.
- illegal, illogical, illiterate
- immobile, immoral, impossible, impatient
- irrelevant, irresponsible
c dis: dishonest, disunited, disagree, disappear, dislike, disable, disadvantage, disapprove,
disbelieve, disconnect, disqualify
d non: non-alcoholic drinks, a non-stop flight, a non-smoker
e de: defrost a fridge, the depopulation of the countryside, the decentralization of
government, depopulate
Suffixes
( Nouns
+ Abstract nouns
1. Verb + ment: payment, movement, government, arrangement, development
2. Verb + ion/tion/ation/ition:
correct(correction, discuss(discussion, describe(description
inform(information, invite(invitation, translate (translation
add(addition, repeat(repetition, compete (competition
3. Verb with d/t(sion: decide (decision, erode (erossion, permit(permission
4. Verb + ance/ence: performance, acceptance, existence, preference
5. Verb + ing: building, feelings, greeting, meeting, meaning, beginning, savings, living
6. Verb + al: refusal, dismissal, approval, signal, proposal, denial
7. Verb + age: drainage, marriage, postage, stoppage, breakage
8. Noun + hood: boyhood, neighbourhood, husbandhood, sisterhood
9. Noun + ship: friendship, sonship, championship
10. Noun + dom: kingdom, stardom, wisedom
11. Noun + ful: mouthful, handful, spoonful, cupful, roomful
12. Adjective + ty/ity: certainty, royalty, stupidity, nationality, security
13. Adjective + ness: happiness, illness, freshness, forgetfulness, blindness
14. Adjective in ent(ence: silent(silence
Others are:
 
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